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Manoj Kumar
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An apt Indian Parliamentary System
Updated 24 Oct 2017 | Tuesday
Updated 24-Oct-2017 | Tuesday

India has become the world largest democracy because of its parliamentary system. The Indian Parliamentary System was formed after our country got independence in 1947, and since then it has remained uninterrupted. One of the specialties of the Indian democracy is that it takes its criticism in a positive way, which is why all necessary reforms and self-improvement were done as and when needed. From freedom of expression to meeting the basic needs of lives of the people in the country with over 100 crores population, the liberty provided by the Indian Parliamentary System is hardly possible in any other nation. We could have been ruled by the British for more than 250 years; we could have been victims of their exploitation. Over the years, they ruined our social, cultural and economic structure; but despite all this, today we feel proud as we have pronounced ourselves to be one of the best in the global map.

‘Saare Jahaan Se Accha Hindustaan Hamara’, this is not mere poetry but a way of life which is made possible by our fair and absolute democratic parliamentary system. All throughout these 70 years, many attempts have been made to disrupt this system; for example the Emergency imposed in the 1975. Whatever be the reason, but the decision was later regretted by the then government who imposed it. The credit goes to our glorious parliamentary tradition which never fails to keep up with its superiority.

The biggest democratic festival of this democratic tradition are the elections.
It is better to think how can we improve our work than we do well, we are doing well.

The biggest democratic festival of this democratic tradition are the elections. In general elections, sometimes it’s either a coalition government or a single party swaying majority. After independence till 1975 when Emergency was imposed, a single party was ruling but after that India’s political landscape changed and coalition governments had a round of time. It is after 30 years since then, the Indian democracy  got an opportunity to form a single party government. Even though the present government holds majority but still it is in alliance with other parties. However, mathematically the government itself is with the absolute majority. Be it a single-party government or coalition government, everyone has worked towards the welfare of the country and society.  It is because of the Indian parliamentary system it is easy to oppose the elected governments. The freedom of expression guaranteed in the Constitution allows us to speak up against them. We can force them to review their decisions. The All-Party Parliamentary Committee monitors functioning of the government  and gives opinion on their decision. Recently,  the parliamentary committee got fumed with the government's decision and reprimanded them. But this things only strengthens our parliamentary system.

After 70 years of independence, there is a need to again discuss the Indian parliamentary system; however, it is a positive sign as self-explanation paves the way for betterment. It is better to think how can we improve our work than we do well, we are doing well. It is notable that after 70 years of India's freedom, the four-dimensional development of the country today is due to our parliamentary system. The erstwhile politicians took the initiative to make independent India a secular democratic republic and chose parliamentary democracy as a suitable political arrangement for it. At the time when even many countries of Europe did not have the right to vote, people of a poor, backward and illiterate country like India were given that right. This is the reason why even after some contradictions, India's parliamentary system is able to retain the integrity of multilingual India. Perhaps, there is a decline in the glory of the Indian parliamentary system, but it would be wrong to say that there have been no improvement as well. It’s the nature’s rule that destruction brings new life and every new thing happens for betterment.  Though we are today discussing on how effective India’s Parliamentary system is, but it would be better to analyse from India's perspective rather seeing it with European glasses on.

We have to keep in mind that during the 250 years of British rule the economic, social and political system of India was shattered. The then education system enforced Lord Macaulay gave birth to bureaucracy. Macaulay believed that if any country was to be broken, then its education system should be dismantled. As a result of which illiteracy is one of the fundamental problems in India. The ruling parties had made efforts in order to deal with this problem, but the results expected by the society is still not achieved. The percentage of literacy has definitely increased but the percentage of awareness is still low. This is the reason why political parties win elections by engaging the electorate in religion and sectarianism. Despite that, voters do not easily believe the promises made by political parties, and it’s the reason why from the last two decades development has been the main issue raised during elections. Education, poverty, unemployment, health issues were chosen making an agenda. It is the strength of parliamentary democracy and its understanding  which gives it the power to change the governments.

Gradually, democracy is getting stronger in India. Over time, efforts have been made at several levels to strengthen the democratic system. The strict Election Commission and its timely intervention in elections against impartiality and corruption proves that India's democratic system is not arbitrary. Those who advocate for President's rule forget that there is a huge fundamental difference between the geographical, social, political and economic status of America and India. Today, in 2017, when we are talking about the parliamentary system of India, we are far behind the US on the ground of income and education per person. It is possible that in the future we may make a mark in education and the per capita income will also increase, but even then President's rule will not be conducive to our country.

(The author is a senior journalist and writer. He is a known media teacher, and so far 8 of his books have been published. Presently, he’s the editor of 'Samagam', a media and cinema journal published from Bhopal.)


The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of PARLIAMENTARY BUSINESS and PARLIAMENTARY BUSINESS does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.

India  |  Parliament  |  government  |  politics  |  democracy  |  opinion
India  |   Parliament  |   government  |   politics  |   democracy  |   opinion
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